The history of the Great Wall is complicated because lengths of wall were built in different areas at different periods. It’s generally believed that the first parts of the Great Wall were built during the Spring and Autumn Period. At that time, China consisted of many small states. The wall construction began in the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC) under the First Emperor Shi Huangti. It continued over hundreds of years throughout many different dynasties.
What Does The Great Wall of China Consist of ?
It consists of walls, horse tracks, watch towers, and shelters on the wall. Moreover, it includes fortresses and passes along the Wall. Furthermore, it stretches 21,196.18km (13,170.6956 miles) long. It stretches across the mountains of northern China, winding north and northwest of Beijing.
The earliest method of wall construction was rammed-earth. The workers used local materials, and in a manner according to the technological level of the periods. In addition, they used bricks and stone walls in construction.
Why Did They build It?
The wall itself was the key part of the military defensive system. It was built to protect China from its enemies and invaders from the North, especially the Mongols. in other words, it was to protect people and territory from invasion. Also, it was a transportation corridor, used to regulate trade.
First strange fact about The Great Wall of China is that it cannot be seen from space by the human eye without aid. Another fact is that the wall is not continuous line because there are side walls, circular walls, parallel walls, and sections with no wall. Something else about the legend of Meng Jiangnv, whose husband died building the Wall. Her weeping was so bitter that a section of the Wall collapsed, revealing her husband’s bones so she could bury them. Moreover the most famous section of the Great Wall is Badaling. It has been visited by over 300 visitors from around the world.