Elsa Schiaparelli was an Italian fashion designer. In fact, she is regarded as one of the top figures in fashion in the period that was between the two world wars. Moreover, Coco Chanel was her greatest rival.  Furthermore, the first thing she started designing was knitwear. Her designs were heavily influenced by her collaborators Salvador Dalí and Jean Cocteau, who were extremely surrealists. However, after World War II, she did not adapt to the changes in fashion which lead to her couture house getting closed in 1954.

“In difficult times, fashion is always outrageous.”

—Elsa Schiaparelli



Elsa Schiaparelli was a famous fashion designer who was born in Rome, Italy, on September 10, 1890. Moreover, she moved to France, Paris, after she left her job in a boutique in New York. In fact, it was in Praise when Elsa started designing her own clothes, and her work as well as sense of style shaped the look of fashion in the 1920s and ’30s. In the matter of fact, the outfits she designed, were worn by the world’s most famous women, including American actress Greta Garbo. Schiaparelli died in Paris on November 13, 1973.

carmencitta-elsa-schiaparelli-fashion-designer-3Early Years


New York was a very important experience for Schiaparelli. Over there, she started working at a boutique specializing in French fashions, and soon cultivated her own taste in clothes and accessories. After the failure of her marriage, she returned to Paris, where she continued her work in the fashion industry and opened her own business.

Final Years

Schiaparelli closed her business in 1951. However, she still continued to work in fashion, and designing accessories as well as wigs. carmencitta-elsa-schiaparelli-fashion-designer-2Moreover, in 1954, she released an autobiography, Shocking Life.

Unfortunately, Schiaparelli died on November 13, 1973, in Paris, France. In the decades since her death, Schiaparelli has continued to be regarded as a giant in the fashion world. In 2012, New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art featured her work, along with that of Italian designer Miuccia Prada, in a major exhibition.